IBORS research

The IBORS constantly has research projects on the go of various levels. Some of these are high level neurophysiology studies carried out by tertiary institutions designed to improve the scientific understanding or improve the scientific validation of the Applied Kinesiology practice. Other projects are aimed at provide base level evidence for procedures or improving teaching standards.

A current list of projects underway can be found here. 

The research arm of the IBORS seeks to better understand the incorporated use of functional assessment in healthcare through quality, unbiased research. We are committed to exploring and validating the use of functional manual muscle testing as a cost-effective complementary means of assessment. 

IBORS Research members

Dr. Trevor Chetcuti, DIBAK (Chairman) 

Dr. Lawrence Calderon, DIBAK

For more information on ICAK research, please contact Dr. Trevor Chetcuti.

Research database

IBORS is currently collating a database of research relevant to AK practice. This database will form a resource for researchers and practitioners heading forward.

For more information on ICAK research database, please contact Dr. Trevor Chetcuti.

Current research projects

The IBORS is always striving to improve the evidence and understanding behind functional manual muscle testing. As such several projects are currently underway. More information about these can be found below.

Simulation of the Manual Muscle Test based on Goodheart by means of a mechanical device

Prof. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Frank Bittmann Dr. phil. Laura Schaefer

Intent of the study

  • Because of its subjective character, the manual muscle test (MMT) according to Goodheart still is not recognized satisfactory. Thus, it is of interest, that the MMT becomes objectified.
  • For this it could be helpful to have a mechanical device, which imitates the MMT. Within the project, the manual muscle test will be simulated for the first time by a mechanical device based on a pneumatic principle (Fig 1).
  • Two devices have been constructed – one for the elbow and another for the knee muscles. They open the opportunity to look at the neuromuscular function in a reproducible and objective way.
  • The main intention of this method is to detect the maximum isometric Adaptive Force (AFisomax), which characterizes the point of the beginning of  yielding during the MMT. (Fig 2)
  • The measured curve of force delivers different relevant parameters. It is hypothesized that muscles which are tested as “weak” do not show lower maximum force, but they seem to start yielding at a lower force level. 

Comparative study of force profiles of ICAK-IBE Qualified Diplomates (DIBAK) and untrained practitioners

Dr. Trevor Chetcuti BCSc, BAppSc(clinical), DIBAK, CNET Dr. Alan Jenks BSc, DC, DIBAK, DCBCN

Intent of the study 

  • Teaching muscle testing can be a complicated procedure given the specific application of force that is required. Despite being taught for more than 50 years, a novel way of teaching new students the art of muscle testing has yet to be developed.
  • Whilst force profiling of experienced practitioners has occurred in the literature, a comparative study of force profiles has not been undertaken.
  • It is hoped that conducting a large scale force profile collection will allow for better understanding of force application in experienced muscle testers and provide a new and novel way of teaching new students the application and timing of functional manual muscle testing.

For further information on studies being undertaken, please contact IBORS research chair, Dr. Trevor Chetcuti DIBAK.

Applying for research grants

For further information , contact Dr. Trevor Chetcuti DIBAK.

Writing and publishing case studies

Case reports provide guidance as to where research should be conducted. Whilst not of the highest standard of research, they form the foundation framework for future research. More information on writing up your cases can be found here.

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